Welcome to Dr. Ingram’s Psychological Assessment & Treatment Seeking lab.

Have a look around and if you have questions, feel free to contact me (Dr. Ingram). This page will be updated regularly with current happenings in the lab.

Updates on training research

I just got out of a meeting with Dr. Schmidt yesterday talking about one of our papers on training outcomes and it occurred to me that a summary of those projects is long overdue here. So here we go – how is PATS working to help train better clinicians and inform the field about outcome standards:

  1. We have a paper in review looking at the pedagogical practices of assessment training based on a review of syllabi from instructors all around the country. There are conceptual frameworks for what should happen (teaching knowledge, skills, and attitudes; Kaslow, 2018) but we wanted to know if this is happening and how students are achieving mastery of those domains?
  2. The national survey of graduate student trainees in HSP finished collection last summer and we are in the midst of a few papers from that. We have one out in review with a state of the field summary of training experiences in psychological assessment. We have another being presented in a few months at the Society for Personality Assessment about what factors (conceptually grouped as trainee characteristics, clinical experiences, or program traits) predict the intention to utilize psychological assessments in clinical practice. After those two we will be focusing on the third, and last, part of that project – performance based benchmarks
  3. After a survey of training directors at APPIC internship sites, we are finalizing two manuscripts giving a (much needed) update to what internship sites find important. The first evaluates the different elements of the APPIC on a numeric system and compares across different site types what matters to get an interview, and then what matters in terms of ranking order once they interview. The second paper is a qualitative analysis of what ‘fit’ is so that trainees can understand what they actually need to be describing when they write letters and personal statements.

It should be a big year for training.

New Paper: MMPI-2-RF correlates in the VA

I’m excited to have another paper in press, this time at the Journal of Personality Assessment. This paper utilizes the same national sample I’ve previously published on to examine service era differences, provide comparison groups for specific treatment clinics, and examine trends in validity scale performance. In my new paper, we provide correlations between the MMPI-2-RF and a variety of commonly utilized self-report measures of symptom severity within the VA (e.g., those for anxiety, depression, and PTSD). This, in conjunction with these other VA papers, offers an interpretive framework for clinicians to use as they interpret assessment profiles for Veterans receiving care.

You can download the pre-print of the accepted paper HERE.

Here are a few of the key take aways that stand out to me:

  1. Of those given the PCL in the sample (a PTSD screener for DSM-5), the average score is a 50 (the cut score recommended for screening for PTSD is a 33).
  2. Across the board, DSM-4 screeners for PTSD have stronger/more reliable relationships to content associated with a PTSD diagnosis on the MMPI-2-RF than the DSM-5 PTSD screener. The reasoning for this is unclear.
  3. The BDI-2 (a measure of depression that makes up part of a major suicide screener) is not related meaningfully to any of the types of indicators you would expect (e.g., hopelessness, suicidality, depression, anhedonia) on the MMPI-2-RF. That’s really surprising and alarming given how it gets used in the VA.
  4. Adding to the last point, elevations are fairly high across a lot of measures (both screeners and those on the MMPI-2-RF). This is consistent with the high rate of disorders in the VA and suggest that those who get assessed are likely to experience a variety of mental health problems.

Here are those relationships for the internalizing and scales of the MMPI-2-RF


Nice Job Brittney!

This year the lab had two papers accepted with Brittney on them. The most recent was accepted into the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology and covered her AACN presentation from this summer on use of the MMPI-2-RF to detect invalid responding in a sample of active duty army. Download the paper HERE.

Recap of the presentation on her most recent publication:


And here is the article from earlier this year on the PAI response profiles using a sample collected on a VA outpatient PTSD Clinic

Ingram, Sharpnack, Mosier, & Golden (in press) Evaluating symptom endorsement typographies of trauma-exposed veterans on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI): A latent profile analysis


Note. This post has been updated to include a link to the paper on the MMPI-2-RF validity scales with the military sample (update 1/4/2020).

Another labtastic Halloween

Another great door decorating year for the lab. We had a lab meeting yesterday and all the undergrads brought their greatest ideas – we settled on the evil laboratory door and it turned out great. There were working on this til 6:30 last night and I love it.

Admittedly, the whole department has some awesome doors and I’m digging the bracket challenge we’re doing.


Now the next question, how long can you leave Halloween decorations up for?

Question after that, when is too early to start planning for next year?


Accepting students

I am excited to be continuing the growth of my lab and will be accepting a student to start next year in the Counseling psychology PhD program. We have a ton of projects going on and its a great time to jump in. If you are interested in help seeking behaviors, we have a ton of cool projects in the middle of data collection. Those interested in military populations, we’ve got those as well. If you are interested in assessment, we have even more!

If you are interested in the lab, I’d LOVE to hear from you! Send me an email with info about your experiences, interests, and questions you have about how you would fit. I’m happy to give you more details about my mentoring style, the lab, TTU, and the Counseling program.


As you consider becoming a Red Raider, here is some actual footage of our lab environment


Undergrad lab member in the spotlight

I wanted to take a minute to brag about one of the lab members. Liz was an awesome addition to the lab this semester and I’m glad she joined us. Clearly she stands out to the TTU department as well!